Osteosarcoma Cells (OS)
OGS; Osteogenic sarcoma; Saos-2;U-2 OS;MG-63;UMR-106;UMR-108;KHOS/NP;SJSA-1;HOS;K7M2 wt
An osteosarcoma (OS) is a cancerous tumor in a bone. Specifically, it is an aggressive malignant neoplasm that arises from primitive transformed cells of mesenchymal origin (and thus a sarcoma) and that exhibits osteoblastic differentiation and produces malignant osteoid. Osteosarcoma is the most common histological form of primary bone cancer. Osteosarcomas tend to occur at the sites of bone growth, presumably because proliferation makes osteoblastic cells in this region prone to acquire mutations that could lead to transformation of cells (the RB gene and p53 gene are commonly involved).